Recent Publications

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Alix-Garcia, J., L. Rausch, J. L’Roe, H. K. Gibbs, and J. Munger. 2017. Avoided deforestation linked to environmental registration in the Brazilian Amazon. (in review Conservation Letters)

Alix-Garcia, J. and H. K. Gibbs. Forest conservation effects of Brazil’s zero deforestation agreements undermined by leakage. (in review, Global Environmental Change)

Carlson, K. M., Heilmayr, R., Gibbs, H.K. et al.  Impact of RSPO certification on deforestation in Indonesia.  (in review, PNAS).

Lambin, E.F., H.K. Gibbs, K. Carlson, L. Fleck, R. Garrett, R. Heilmayr, Y. le Polain de Waroux, C. McDermott, D. McLaughlin, P. Newton, C. Nolte, P. Pacheco, L. Rausch, C. Streck, T. Thorlakson, N. Walker.  The road to zero deforestation: a multi-stakeholder challenge.  (In review Nature Climate Change)

Lark, T. J., B. Larson, I. Schelley, S. Batish, H.K. Gibbs et al. Conversion of native prairie grasslands in the Midwest, USA. (in review Environmental Conservation)

Lark, T.J., R. M. Mueller, D. M. Johnson, J. M. Salmon, H. K. Gibbs. Measuring land-use and land-cover change using the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Cropland Data Layer: Cautions and Recommendations. (In review, Agricultural Systems)

Noojipady, P., D. C. Morton, D. Burns, K. Carlson, H.K. Gibbs, W. Schroeder, N. Walker. Fire-driven forest conversion for oil palm in Southeast Asia: the role of deforestation. (In review Earth System Dynamics)

Periera, R. H. K. Gibbs, A. Carrara. Characterizing cattle ranching in the Brazilian Amazon: from pasture to markets (in review, Applied Geography)

Buckley, K. J., P. Newton, H. K. Gibbs, I. McConnel, J. Ehrmann, and N. Walker.  Pursuing sustainability in the cattle industry through multi-stakeholder collaboration: the Roundtables for Sustainable Beef (in review, World Development)

Noojipady, P., D.C Morton, M.N. Macedo, D.C. Victoria, C. Huang, H. K. Gibbs, E. L. Bolfe. 2017.  Forest carbon emissions from cropland expansion in the Brazilian Cerrado biome. Environmental Research Letters 12 (2), 025004. [Abstract] [Link]

Wright, C., B. Larson, T. Lark, H.K. Gibbs. 2017.  Recent grassland losses are concentrated around U.S. ethanol refineries. Environmental Research Letters 12 (4) [Abstract] [Link]

C. Nolte, Y. le Polain de Waroux, J. Munger, T. N. P. Reis, E. F. Lambin. 2017. Conditions influencing the adoption of effective anti-deforestation policies in South America’s commodity frontiers.  Global Environmental Change 43:1-14.

Noojipady, P., D.C. Morton, W. Schroeder, K.M Carlson, C. Huang, H. K. Gibbs, D. Burns, N.F. Walker and S.D. Prince. 2017. “Managing fire risk during drought: the influence of certification and El Niño on fire-driven forest conversion for oil palm in Southeast Asia.” Earth System Dynamics [Abstract] [Link]


L’Roe, J., L. Rausch, J. Munger and H. K. Gibbs. 2016. “Mapping properties to monitor forests: Landholder response to a large environmental registration program in the Brazilian Amazon.” Land Use Policy 57: 193-203 [Abstract] [Link]

Pereira, R., C.S. Simmons and R. Walker. 2016. “Smallholders, Agrarian Reform, and Globalization in the Brazilian Amazon: Cattle versus the Environment.” Land 5(3), 24. [Abstract] [Link]

Morton, D. C., P. Noojipady, M. M. Macedo, H. K. Gibbs, D. C. Victoria and E. L. Bolfe. 2016. “Reevaluating suitability estimates based on dynamics of cropland expansion in the Brazilian Amazon.” Global Environmental Change Volume 37 [Link]

Rausch, L. and H. K. Gibbs. 2016. Property Arrangements and Soy Governance in the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso: Implications for Deforestation-Free Production.” Land 5(2) [Abstract] [Link]


Gibbs, H. K., J. Munger, J. L’Roe, P. Barreto, R. Pereira, M. Christie, T. Amaral, and N.F. Walker. 2015. “Did Ranchers and Slaughterhouses Respond to Zero-Deforestation Agreements in the Brazilian Amazon?” Conservation Letters [Link] [Portuguese version]

Barreto, P. and H. K. Gibbs. 2015. “Imazon Research Brief: How to improve the effectiveness of agreements against deforestation associated with ranching in the Amazon?” Imazon, Belem Brazil and University of Wisconsin-Madison. [Link]

Gibbs, H. K., L. Rausch, J. Munger, I. Schelly, D. C. Morton, P. Noojipady, B. Soares-Filho, P. Barreto, L. Micol, and N. F. Walker. 2015. “Brazil’s Soy Moratorium: Supply chain governance is needed to avoid deforestation.”  Science 347(6220): 377-378 [Abstract] [Link] [Portuguese version]

Salmon, J. M, M. A. Friedl, S. Frolking, D. Wisser, and E. M. Douglas. 2015. “Global rain-fed, irrigated, and paddy croplands: A new high resolution map derived from remote sensing, crop inventories and climate data.” International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 38: 321-334 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K. and J. M. Salmon. 2015. “Mapping the world’s degraded land.” Applied Geography 57: 12-21 [Link]

Garrett, R. D. and L. Rausch. 2015. “Green for gold: Social and ecological tradeoffs influencing the sustainability of the Brazilian soy industry.” Journal of Peasant Studies [Abstract] [Link]

Lark, T. J., J. M. Salmon, and H. K. Gibbs. 2015.Cropland expansion outpaces agricultural and biofuel policies in the United States.Environmental Research Letters 10(4): 044003 [Abstract] [Link]


Gibbs, H. K., S. Yui, and R. Plevin. 2014. “New Estimates of Soil and Biomass Carbon Stocks for Global Economic Models: Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Technical Paper No. 33.” Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University. West Lafayette, IN. [Abstract] [Link]

Plevin, R., H. K. Gibbs, J. Duffy, S. Yui and S. Yeh. 2014. “Agro-ecological Zone Emission Factor (AEZ-EF) Model (v47): Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Technical Paper No. 34.” Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University. West Lafayette, IN. [Abstract] [Link]

L’Roe, J. and L. Naughton-Treves. 2014. “Effects of a policy-induced income shock on forest-dependent households in the Peruvian Amazon.” Ecological Economics 97: 1-9 [Abstract] [Link]

Rausch, L. 2014. “Converging Agrarian Frontiers in Mato Grosso” Historical Geography 42: 276-297 [Abstract] [Link]

Brown, J. C., L. Rausch, and V. G. Luz. 2014. “Toward a Spatial Understanding of Staple Food and Non-Staple Food Production in Brazil.” The Professional Geographer 66(2): 249-259 [Abstract]

Meyfroidt, P., K. Carlson, M. Fagan, V, Gutierrez-Velez, M. Macedo, L. Curran, R. DeFries, G. Dyer, H. K. Gibbs, E. Lambin, D. Morton, and V. Robiglio. 2014. “Multiple Pathways of Expansion of Commodity Crops in Tropical Forest Landscapes.” Environmental Research Letters  9(7): 074012 [Abstract] [Link]


Lambin, E. F., H. K. Gibbs, L. Ferreira, R. Grau, P. Mayaux, P. Meyfroidt, D. C. Morton, T. Rudel, I. Gasparri, and J. Munger. 2013. “Estimating the world’s potentially available cropland using a bottom-up approach.” Global Environmental Change 23(5): 892-901 [Abstract] [Link]


Gibbs, H. K. 2012. “Trading forests for oil yields in the Peruvian Amazon.”  Environmental Research Letters 7(1): 011007 Invited Perspective. [Abstract] [Link]

Turner, W. R., K. Brandon, T. M. Brooks, C. Gascon, H. K. Gibbs, K. S. Lawrence, R. A. Mittermeier, and E. R. Salig. 2012. “Global biodiversity conservation and the alleviation of poverty.” BioScience 62(1): 85-92 [Abstract] [Link]

Turner, W. R., K. Brandon, T. M. Brooks, C. Gascon, H. K. Gibbs, K. S. Lawrence, R. A. Mittermeier, and E. R. Salig. 2012. “The potential, realized, and essential ecosystem service benefits of biodiversity conservation.”  Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation: Exploring the Evidence for a Link. New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell. 21-35. Print. [Summary] [Link]


Koh, L. P., H. K. Gibbs, P. V. Potapov, and M. C. Hansen. 2011. “ A Web-Based Decision-Support Tool for implementing Indonesia’s Forest Moratorium.” Methods Ecology and Evolution 3(2): 310-316 [Abstract] [Link]

O’Hare M., M. Delucchi, R. Edwards, U. Fritsche, H. K. Gibbs, T. Hertel, J. Hill, D. Kammen,  D. Laborde, L. Marelli, D. Mulligan, R. Plevin and W. Tyner. 2011. ‘Comment on “Indirect land use change for biofuels: Testing predictions and improving analytical methodologies” by Kim and Dale: statistical reliability and the definition of the indirect land use change (iLUC) issue.’ Biomass and Bioenergy  35(10): 4485-4487 [Abstract] [Link]

Turner, W. R., K. Brandon, T. M. Brooks, C. Gascon, H. K. Gibbs, K. Lawrence, R. Mittermeier, and E. R. Selig. 2011. “Global biodiversity and the alleviation of poverty.” Bioscience 62(1): 85-92 [Abstract] [Link]

West, P.C., H. K. Gibbs, C. Monfreda, J. Wagner, C. Barford, S. R. Carpenter, and J. Foley. 2011. “Reply to Vermeulen and Wollenberg: Distinguishing food security and crop yields.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(9): E31 [Link]


West, P. H. K. Gibbs, J. A. Foley, C. Barford, and J. Wagner. 2010. “Trading carbon for food: global comparison of carbon storage vs. crop yields on agricultural land.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 107(46): 19645-19648 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K., A. S. Ruesch, J. A. Foley, N. Ramankutty, F. Achard, and P. Holmgren. 2010. “Tropical forests were the primary land source for new agricultural lands in the 1980s and 1990s.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 107(38) 16732-16737 [Abstract] [Link]

Plevin, R., M. O’Hare, A. D. Jones, M. S. Torn, and H. K. Gibbs. 2010. “Greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels’ indirect land use change are uncertain but may be much greater than previously estimated.” Environmental Science and Technology 44(21): 8015-8021 [Abstract] [Link]

Scharlemann, J. P., V. Kapos, A. Campbell, I. Lysenko, N. D. Burgess, M. C. Hansen, H. K. Gibbs, B. Dickson, and L. Miles. “Securing Tropical Forest Carbon: the Contribution of Protected Areas to REDD.” Oryx 44(3): 352-357 [Abstract] [Link]

Bakker V. J., J. K. Baum, J. F. Brodie, A. K. Salomon, B. G. Dickson, H. K. Gibbs, and P. B. McIntyre. 2010. “The changing landscape of conservation science funding in the United States.” Conservation Letters 3(6): 435-444 [Abstract] [Link]

Strassburg, B., A. Balmford, J. Price, R. Davies, H. K. Gibbs, D. Orme, L. Miles, and A. Kelly.  2010. “Global Congruence of Carbon Storage and Biodiversity in Terrestrial Ecosystems.” Conservation Letters 3(2): 98-105 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K., J. Sheehan, and R. Nelson. 2010. “Land Cover Types Subgroup: Report on Indirect Land Use Change to the California Air Resources Board.”  Sacramento, CA. [Link]

Yeh, S., H. K. Gibbs, J. Sheehan, and R. Nelson. 2010.  “Carbon Stocks Subgroup: Report on Indirect Land Use Change to the California Air Resources Board.”  Sacramento, CA. 

DeFries, R. S. and H. K. Gibbs. 2010. “Scientific and Technical Considerations for the Amazon Forest Carbon Partnership.” A paper commissioned by Columbia University.


Brodie, J. F., and H. K. Gibbs. 2009. “Bushmeat hunting as climate threat.” Science 326(5951): 364-365 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K. 2009. “Mapping the World’s Degraded Land: A Synthesis of Databases and Methodologies.” A background paper commissioned by The Nature Conservancy.


Robertson, G. P., V. H. Dale, O. C. Doering, S. P. Hamburg, J. M. Melillo, M. M. Wander, W. J. Parton, R. Pouyat, P. R. Adler, J. Barney, R. M. Cruse, C. S. Duke, P. M. Fearnside, R. F. Follett, H. K. Gibbs, J. Goldemberg, D. J. Mladenhoff, D. Ojima, M. W. Palmer, A. Sharpley, L. Wallace, K. C. Weathers, J. A. Wiens, W. W. Wilhelm. 2008. “Sustainable Biofuels Redux.” Science 322(5898): 49-50 [Abstract] [Link]

Patz, J. A., S. H. Olson, C. Uejio, and H. K. Gibbs. 2008. “Disease emergence from global climate and land use change.” Medical Clinics of North America 92(6): 1473-1491 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K., M. Johnston, J. A. Foley, T. Holloway. C. Monfreda, N. Ramankutty, and D. Zaks. 2008. “Carbon payback times for crop-based biofuel expansion in the tropics: the effects of changing yield and technology.” Environmental Research Letters 3(3): 034001 [Abstract] [Link]

Patz, J. A., D. Campbell-Lendrum, H. K. Gibbs, and R. Woodruff. 2008. “Health Impact Assessment of Global Climate Change: Expanding upon Comparative Risk Assessment approaches for Policy Making.” Annual Reviews of Public Health 29: 27-39 [Abstract] [Link]

Miles, L., V. Kapos, H. KGibbs, I. Lysenko, and A. Campbell. 2008. “Mapping Vulnerability of Tropical Forest to Conversion and Resulting Potential CO2 Emissions: A Rapid Assessment for the Eliasch Review.” UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre [Abstract] [Link]

Campbell A., V. Kapos, I. Lysenko, J. P. W. Scharlemann, B. Dickson, H. KGibbs, M. Hansen, and L. Miles. 2008.Carbon emissions from forest loss in protected areas: A report commissioned by The Nature Conservancy as part of the PACT 2020 Innovation Initiative in collaboration with UNEP-WCMC and the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas.” UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre [Abstract] [Link]

Campbell, A., L. Miles, I. Lysenko, A. Hughes, and H.KGibbs. 2008. “Carbon storage in protected areas: Technical report.” UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre [Abstract] [Link]

Ruesch, A. S. and H. K. Gibbs. 2008. New global biomass carbon map for the year 2000 based on IPCC Tier-1 Methodology. ORNL-CDIAC . [Link]


Olander, L. P., H. K. Gibbs, M. Steininger, J. J. Swenson, and B. C. Murray. 2007. “Reference scenarios for deforestation and forest degradation in support of REDD: a review of data and methods.” Environmental Research Letters 3(2): 025011 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K., S. Brown, J. O. Niles, and J. A. Foley. 2007. “Monitoring and measuring tropical forest carbon stocks: Making REDD a reality.” Environmental Research Letters 2(4): 045023 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K. and M. Herold. 2007. “Tropical deforestation and carbon emissions: Introduction to special issue.” Environmental Research Letters 2(4): 045021 [Abstract] [Link]

Patz, J. A., H. K. Gibbs, J. A. Foley, and K. Smith. 2007. “Climate change and global health: Quantifying a growing ethical crisis.” EcoHealth 4(4): 397-405  [Abstract] [Link]

Ramankutty, N., H. K. Gibbs, F. Achard, R. DeFries, J. A. Foley, and R. A. Houghton. 2007. “Challenges in estimating carbon emissions from tropical deforestation.” Global Change Biology 13(1): 51-66 [Abstract] [Link]

Foley, J. A., G. P. Asner, M. H. Costa, M. T. Coe, R. DeFries, and H. K. Gibbs. 2007.  “Amazonian revealed: Forest degradation and loss of ecosystem goods and services in the Amazon Basin.” Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 5(1): 25-32 [Abstract] [Link]

Gibbs, H. K. 2007. “Estimating National Level Tropical Forest Carbon Stocks and Emissions.”  Commissioned paper for the Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CFRN) in support of the UNFCCC Agenda Item #6, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).

Olander, L. P., B. C. Murray, H. K. Gibbs, and M. Steininger. 2007. “Establishing Credible National Baselines for Efforts to Reduce Emissions from Degradation and Deforestation.” Commissioned paper for the Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CFRN) in support of the UNFCCC Agenda Item #6, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).

Foley, J. A., N. Ramankutty, B. Leff, and H. K. Gibbs. 2007. “Global land use changes.” In King, M. D., C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington and R. G. Williams (Editors), Our changing planet: The view from space. (pp. 262-265) Cambridge University Press, New York.

Gibbs, H. K. and S. Brown. 2007. Carbon pools in the forests of tropical Africa: An updated database using the GLC2000 Land Cover Product. NDP-017b. ORNL-CDIAC.

Gibbs, H. K. and S. Brown. 2007. Carbon pools in the forests of tropical Southeast Asia: An updated database using the GLC2000 Land Cover Product. NDP-017b. ORNL-CDIAC.

Gibbs, H. K. and H. Martain. 2007. “Tropical deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions.” Environmental Research Letters 2(4): 045021 [Abstract] [Link]


Gibbs, H. K. 2006. Major World Ecosystem Complexes Ranked by Carbon in Live Vegetation: An Updated Database Using the GLC2000 Land Cover Product. NDP-017b. ORNL-CDIAC.


Foley, J. A., R. S. DeFries, G. P. Asner, C. Barford, G. Bonan, S. R. Carpenter, F. Stuart Chapin, M. T. Coe, G. C. Daily, H. K. Gibbs, J. H. Helkowski, T. Holloway, E. A. Howard, C. J. Kucharik, C. Monfreda, J. A. Patz, I. C. Prentice, N. Ramankutty, and P. K. Snyder. 2005. “Global Consequences of Land Use.”  Science 309(5734): 570-574 [Abstract] [Link]

Miller, N. L., A. W. King, M. A. Miller, E. P. Springer, M. L. Wesely, K. E. Bashford, M. E. Conrad, K. Costigan, P. N. Foster, H. K. Gibbs, J. Jin, J. Klazura, B. M. Lesht, M. V. Machavaram, F. Pan, J. Song, D. Troyan, and R. A. Washington-Allen. 2005. “The DOE Water Cycle Pilot Study.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86(3): 359-374 [Abstract] [Link]


Gibbs, H. K., R. L. Graham, and R. B. Cook. 2002. The Oak Ridge Reservation Geographic Information System: Potential for Bioenergy Development. For the Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.


Wali, M. K., F. Evrendilek, T. O. West, S. Watts, D. Pant, H. K. Gibbs, and B. McClead. 1999. “Assessing terrestrial ecosystem sustainability: Usefulness of modeling regional carbon and nitrogen budgets.” Nature and Resources 35(5): 21-33

Gibbs, H. K. and D. L. Johnson. 1999. “Obstacle avoidance by hand-raised, captive-born, and wild-caught big brown bats.” Olentangy River Wetlands Research Park Review 10(20): 201-06 [Link]